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Publication details

Title
Understanding the immiscibility of water+1-butanol by VLE

Authors
Ana F. Cristino
Dep. Química e Bioquímica
Dep. Química e Bioquímica
CQE-Ciências - Centro de Química Estrutural-Ciências
Fernando J. V. Santos
Dep. Química e Bioquímica
CQE-Ciências - Centro de Química Estrutural-Ciências
António Palavra
INSTITUTO SUPERIOR TÉCNICO
Carlos Nieto de Castro
Dep. Química e Bioquímica
CQE-Ciências - Centro de Química Estrutural-Ciências

Document type
Conference papers

Scope
International

Refereeing
Yes

Document type
Abstract

Summary
Butanol has been in almost continuous production since 1916, most of the time as a solvent or basic chemical. However, new uses for butanol have emerged, e.g. as a diesel and kerosene replacement, biocide and C4 compound for chemical industry [1]. In 2006 Schwarz and co-workers [1] demonstrated that n-butanol can be used either 100% in unmodified 4-cycle ignition engines or blended up to at least 30% (70% diesel) in a diesel compression engine or to 20% (80% kerosene) in a jet turbine engine. This means a new incentive for the production of this type of biofuel. \nButanol tolerates water contamination better than ethanol due to its partially immiscibility and is less corrosive and more suitable for distribution through existing pipelines for gasoline. In blends with diesel or gasoline, butanol is less likely to separate from this fuel than ethanol if the fuel is contaminated with water. This fact has introduced a new study for the Vapour-Liquid Equilibrium (VLE) experimental program using a flow apparatus [2] developed in the Centro de Química Estrutural (CQE) at FCUL. This equipment has delivered good accurate measurements in the past [3,4], and with simple modifications in the feeding and sampling sections it has provided VLE measurements for the butanol+water system between 373 and 423 K. The samples obtained were characterized by densimetry/speed of sound and by volumetric Karl Fisher technique.

Editor(s)
Professor Yuji Nagasaka

Date of Publication
2016-10-02

Institution
FACULDADE DE CIÊNCIAS DA UNIVERSIDADE DE LISBOA

Event
ATPC 2016, 2-6 October, 2016

Address
Yokohama, Japão

Organizers
Keio University, Japan

Publisher
Keio University, Japan

Collection
Abstract Book

Edition
2016
Volume
1

Number of pages
196

Identifiers
URL - http://www.atpc2016.org/program/pdf/OS16-22.pdf

Keywords
Vapor-liquid equilibrium immiscibility Experiments


Export

APA
Ana F. Cristino, Fernando J. V. Santos, António Palavra, Carlos Nieto de Castro, (2016). Understanding the immiscibility of water+1-butanol by VLE. ATPC 2016, 2-6 October, 2016, -

IEEE
Ana F. Cristino, Fernando J. V. Santos, António Palavra, Carlos Nieto de Castro, "Understanding the immiscibility of water+1-butanol by VLE" in ATPC 2016, 2-6 October, 2016, Yokohama, Japão, 2016, pp. -, doi:

BIBTEX
@InProceedings{41259, author = {Ana F. Cristino and Fernando J. V. Santos and António Palavra and Carlos Nieto de Castro}, title = {Understanding the immiscibility of water+1-butanol by VLE}, booktitle = {ATPC 2016, 2-6 October, 2016}, year = 2016, pages = {-}, address = {Yokohama, Japão}, publisher = {Keio University, Japan} }