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Publication details

Document type
Journal articles

Document subtype
Full paper

Title
Effects of Recent Minimum Temperature and Water Deficit Increases on Pinus pinaster Radial Growth and Wood Density in Southern Portugal

Participants in the publication
Cathy Kurz-Besson (Author)
IDL - Instituto Dom Luiz
José L. Lousada (Author)
Maria J. Gaspar (Author)
Isabel E. Correia (Author)
Teresa S. David (Author)
Pedro M. M. Soares (Author)
Dep. Engenharia Geográfica, Geofísica e Energia
IDL - Instituto Dom Luiz
Rita M. Cardoso (Author)
IDL - Instituto Dom Luiz
Ana Russo (Author)
IDL - Instituto Dom Luiz
Filipa Varino (Author)
Catherine Mériaux (Author)
IDL - Instituto Dom Luiz
Ricardo M. Trigo (Author)
Dep. Engenharia Geográfica, Geofísica e Energia
IDL - Instituto Dom Luiz
Célia M. Gouveia (Author)
IDL - Instituto Dom Luiz

Summary
Western Iberia has recently shown increasing frequency of drought conditions coupled with heatwave events, leading to exacerbated limiting climatic conditions for plant growth. It is not clear to what extent wood growth and density of agroforestry species have suffered from such changes or recent extreme climate events. To address this question, tree-ring width and density chronologies were built for a Pinus pinaster stand in southern Portugal and correlated with climate variables, including the minimum, mean and maximum temperatures and the number of cold days. Monthly and maximum daily precipitations were also analyzed as well as dry spells. The drought effect was assessed using the standardized precipitation-evapotranspiration (SPEI) multi-scalar drought index, between 1 to 24-months. The climate-growth/density relationships were evaluated for the period 1958-2011. We show that both wood radial growth and density highly benefit from the strong decay of cold days and the increase of minimum temperature. Yet the benefits are hindered by long-term water deficit, which results in different levels of impact on wood radial growth and density. Despite of the intensification of long-term water deficit, tree-ring width appears to benefit from the minimum temperature increase, whereas the effects of long-term droughts significantly prevail on tree-ring density. Our results further highlight the dependency of the species on deep water sources after the juvenile stage. The impact of climate changes on long-term droughts and their repercussion on the shallow groundwater table and P. pinaster’s vulnerability are also discussed. This work provides relevant information for forest management in the semi-arid area of the Alentejo region of Portugal. It should ease the elaboration of mitigation strategies to assure P. pinaster’s production capacity and quality in response to more arid conditions in the near future in the region.

Date of Publication
2016-08-12

Where published
Frontiers in Plant Science

Publication Identifiers
ISSN - 1664-462X

Publisher
Frontiers Media SA

Volume
7

Document Identifiers
DOI - https://doi.org/10.3389/fpls.2016.01170
URL - http://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fpls.2016.01170

Rankings
SCOPUS Q1 (2017) - 1.731 - Plant Science
Web Of Science Q1 (2018) - 4.106 - PLANT SCIENCES - SCIE
SCIMAGO Q1 (2016) - 1.973 - Plant Science


Export

APA
Cathy Kurz-Besson, José L. Lousada, Maria J. Gaspar, Isabel E. Correia, Teresa S. David, Pedro M. M. Soares, Rita M. Cardoso, Ana Russo, Filipa Varino, Catherine Mériaux, Ricardo M. Trigo, Célia M. Gouveia, (2016). Effects of Recent Minimum Temperature and Water Deficit Increases on Pinus pinaster Radial Growth and Wood Density in Southern Portugal. Frontiers in Plant Science, 7, ISSN 1664-462X. eISSN . http://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fpls.2016.01170

IEEE
Cathy Kurz-Besson, José L. Lousada, Maria J. Gaspar, Isabel E. Correia, Teresa S. David, Pedro M. M. Soares, Rita M. Cardoso, Ana Russo, Filipa Varino, Catherine Mériaux, Ricardo M. Trigo, Célia M. Gouveia, "Effects of Recent Minimum Temperature and Water Deficit Increases on Pinus pinaster Radial Growth and Wood Density in Southern Portugal" in Frontiers in Plant Science, vol. 7, 2016. 10.3389/fpls.2016.01170

BIBTEX
@article{38501, author = {Cathy Kurz-Besson and José L. Lousada and Maria J. Gaspar and Isabel E. Correia and Teresa S. David and Pedro M. M. Soares and Rita M. Cardoso and Ana Russo and Filipa Varino and Catherine Mériaux and Ricardo M. Trigo and Célia M. Gouveia}, title = {Effects of Recent Minimum Temperature and Water Deficit Increases on Pinus pinaster Radial Growth and Wood Density in Southern Portugal}, journal = {Frontiers in Plant Science}, year = 2016, volume = 7 }