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Publication details

Document type
Journal articles

Document subtype
Full paper

Title
CFTR Modulators: The Changing Face of Cystic Fibrosis in the Era of Precision Medicine

Participants in the publication
Miquéias Lopes-Pacheco (Author)
Dep. Química e Bioquímica
BIOISI - Instituto de Biossistemas e Ciências Integrativas

Scope
International

Refereeing
Yes

Summary
Cystic fibrosis (CF) is a lethal inherited disease caused by mutations in the CF transmembrane conductance regulator (CFTR) gene, which result in impairment of CFTR mRNA and protein expression, function, stability or a combination of these. Although CF leads to multifaceted clinical manifestations, the respiratory disorder represents the major cause of morbidity and mortality of these patients. The life expectancy of CF patients has substantially lengthened due to early diagnosis and improvements in symptomatic therapeutic regimens. Quality of life remains nevertheless limited, as these individuals are subjected to considerable clinical, psychosocial and economic burdens. Since the discovery of the CFTR gene in 1989, tremendous efforts have been made to develop therapies acting more upstream on the pathogenesis cascade, thereby overcoming the underlying dysfunctions caused by CFTR mutations. In this line, the advances in cell-based high-throughput screenings have been facilitating the fast-tracking of CFTR modulators. These modulator drugs have the ability to enhance or even restore the functional expression of specific CF-causing mutations, and they have been classified into five main groups depending on their effects on CFTR mutations: potentiators, correctors, stabilizers, read-through agents, and amplifiers. To date, four CFTR modulators have reached the market, and these pharmaceutical therapies are transforming patients' lives with short- and long-term improvements in clinical outcomes. Such breakthroughs have paved the way for the development of novel CFTR modulators, which are currently under experimental and clinical investigations. Furthermore, recent insights into the CFTR structure will be useful for the rational design of next-generation modulator drugs. This review aims to provide a summary of recent developments in CFTR-directed therapeutics. Barriers and future directions are also discussed in order to optimize treatment adherence, identify feasible and sustainable solutions for equitable access to these therapies, and continue to expand the pipeline of novel modulators that may result in effective precision medicine for all individuals with CF.

Date of Submisson/Request
2019-09-24
Date of Acceptance
2019-12-19
Date of Publication
2020-02-21

Institution
FACULDADE DE CIÊNCIAS DA UNIVERSIDADE DE LISBOA

Where published
Frontiers in Pharmacology

Publication Identifiers
ISSN - 1663-9812

Publisher
Frontiers Media SA

Volume
10

Starting page
1662

Document Identifiers
DOI - https://doi.org/10.3389/fphar.2019.01662
URL - http://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fphar.2019.01662
DOI - https://doi.org/10.3389/fphar.2019.01662

Rankings
Web Of Science 4.225 (2019) - Q1 - PHARMACOLOGY & PHARMACY - SCIE
SCOPUS Q2 (2019) - 5 - Pharmacology
SCOPUS Q2 (2019) - 5 - Pharmacology (medical)
SCIMAGO Q1 (2019) - 1.228 - Pharmacology (medical)
SCIMAGO Q1 (2019) - 1.228 - Pharmacology

Keywords
CFTR mutations cell models clinical trials cystic fibrosis drug development high-throughput screening lung personalized medicine

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APA
Miquéias Lopes-Pacheco, (2020). CFTR Modulators: The Changing Face of Cystic Fibrosis in the Era of Precision Medicine. Frontiers in Pharmacology, 10, ISSN 1663-9812. eISSN . http://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fphar.2019.01662

IEEE
Miquéias Lopes-Pacheco, "CFTR Modulators: The Changing Face of Cystic Fibrosis in the Era of Precision Medicine" in Frontiers in Pharmacology, vol. 10, 2020. 10.3389/fphar.2019.01662

BIBTEX
@article{49508, author = {Miquéias Lopes-Pacheco}, title = {CFTR Modulators: The Changing Face of Cystic Fibrosis in the Era of Precision Medicine}, journal = {Frontiers in Pharmacology}, year = 2020, volume = 10 }