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Publication details

Document type
Journal articles

Document subtype
Full paper

Title
Droplet minimizers for the Gates–Lebowitz–Penrose free energy functional

Participants in the publication
E A Carlen (Author)
RUTGERS UNIVERSITY
M C Carvalho (Author)
Dep. Matemática
CMAF - Centro de Matemática e Aplicações Fundamentais 
R Esposito (Author)
J L Lebowitz (Author)
RUTGERS UNIVERSITY
R Marra (Author)

Scope
International

Refereeing
Yes

Summary
We study the structure of the constrained minimizers of the Gates–Lebowitz–Penrose free energy functional , non-local functional of a density field m(x), , a d-dimensional torus of side length L. At low temperatures, is not convex, and has two distinct global minimizers, corresponding to two equilibrium states. Here we constrain the average density to be a fixed value n between the densities in the two equilibrium states, but close to the low density equilibrium value. In this case, a 'droplet' of the high density phase may or may not form in a background of the low density phase, depending on the values n and L. We determine the critical density for droplet formation, and the nature of the droplet, as a function of n and L. The relation between the free energy and the large deviations functional for a particle model with long-range Kac potentials, proven in some cases, and expected to be true in general, then provides information on the structure of typical microscopic configurations of the Gibbs measure when the range of the Kac potential is large enough.

Date of Publication
2009-10-30

Where published
Nonlinearity

Publication Identifiers
ISSN - 0951-7715,1361-6544

Publisher
IOP Publishing

Volume
22
Number
12

Number of pages
33
Starting page
2919
Last page
2952

Document Identifiers
URL - http://dx.doi.org/10.1088/0951-7715/22/12/007
DOI - https://doi.org/10.1088/0951-7715/22/12/007


Export

APA
E A Carlen, M C Carvalho, R Esposito, J L Lebowitz, R Marra, (2009). Droplet minimizers for the Gates–Lebowitz–Penrose free energy functional. Nonlinearity, 22, 2919-2952. ISSN 0951-7715,1361-6544. eISSN . http://dx.doi.org/10.1088/0951-7715/22/12/007

IEEE
E A Carlen, M C Carvalho, R Esposito, J L Lebowitz, R Marra, "Droplet minimizers for the Gates–Lebowitz–Penrose free energy functional" in Nonlinearity, vol. 22, pp. 2919-2952, 2009. 10.1088/0951-7715/22/12/007

BIBTEX
@article{44957, author = {E A Carlen and M C Carvalho and R Esposito and J L Lebowitz and R Marra}, title = {Droplet minimizers for the Gates–Lebowitz–Penrose free energy functional}, journal = {Nonlinearity}, year = 2009, pages = {2919-2952}, volume = 22 }