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Publication details

Document type
Book chapters


Title
CHAPTER 37. Riboflavin and Beta-oxidation Flavoenzymes

Participants in the publication
Bárbara J. Henriques (Author)
Dep. Química e Bioquímica
BioISI - Instituto de Biossistemas e Ciências Integrativas
João V. Rodrigues (Author)
Cláudio M. Gomes (Author)

Scope
International

Summary
Riboflavin, or vitamin B2, is the biological precursor of the essential redox cofactors FAD and FMN, which are synthesised upon dietary intake of the vitamin. The unique physical and chemical properties of these flavins make them extremely versatile protein cofactors. When inserted into proteins, flavins afford a broad range of redox reactions and catalytic properties. In this chapter we focus on the interplay between flavoproteins involved in mitochondrial beta-oxidation and vitamin B2 metabolism, especially in what concerns the protein functional and structural consequences of increased flavin levels in this organelle, subsequently to high-dose riboflavin intake. The latter aspect is particularly relevant in the context of inborn errors of metabolism affecting beta-oxidation and amino acid catabolism enzymes, frequently a consequence of missense mutations, which result in protein misfolding or catalytic impairment. We provide an overview of recent reports establishing that therapeutic intake of vitamin B2 increases cellular flavin concentrations, thus modulating the levels of several proteins involved on this pathway by rescuing function, and we discuss the molecular and structural rationale for these effects. Ultimately, we describe a mechanistic scenario pinpointing the role exerted by flavins as protein folding helpers.

Editor(s)
Victor R Preedy

Date of Publication
2012-10-23

Institution
INSTITUTO DE TECNOLOGIA QUÍMICA E BIOLÓGICA

Where published
B Vitamins and Folate,Food and Nutritional Components in Focus

Publication Identifiers
ISSN - 2045-1709
ISBN - 9781849733694

Publisher
Royal Society of Chemistry

Edition
First

Number of pages
21
Starting page
611
Last page
632

Document Identifiers
DOI - https://doi.org/10.1039/9781849734714-00611
URL - http://dx.doi.org/10.1039/9781849734714-00611


Export

APA
Bárbara J. Henriques, João V. Rodrigues, Cláudio M. Gomes, (2012). CHAPTER 37. Riboflavin and Beta-oxidation Flavoenzymes. B Vitamins and Folate,Food and Nutritional Components in Focus, 611-632

IEEE
Bárbara J. Henriques, João V. Rodrigues, Cláudio M. Gomes, "CHAPTER 37. Riboflavin and Beta-oxidation Flavoenzymes" in B Vitamins and Folate,Food and Nutritional Components in Focus, 2012, pp. 611-632

BIBTEX
@incollection{41967, author = {Bárbara J. Henriques and João V. Rodrigues and Cláudio M. Gomes}, title = {CHAPTER 37. Riboflavin and Beta-oxidation Flavoenzymes}, booktitle = {B Vitamins and Folate,Food and Nutritional Components in Focus}, year = 2012, pages = {611-632}, address = {}, publisher = {Royal Society of Chemistry} }