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Publication details

Document type
Journal articles

Document subtype
Full paper

Title
Sustainable urban agriculture using compost and an open-pollinated maize variety

Participants in the publication
Florian Ulm (Author)
CE3C - Centro de Ecologia, Evolução e Alterações Ambientais
David Avelar (Author)
Dep. Biologia Vegetal
CE3C - Centro de Ecologia, Evolução e Alterações Ambientais
Peter Hobson (Author)
Gil Penha-Lopes (Author)
Dep. Biologia Vegetal
CE3C - Centro de Ecologia, Evolução e Alterações Ambientais
Teresa Dias (Author)
CE3C - Centro de Ecologia, Evolução e Alterações Ambientais
Cristina Máguas (Author)
Dep. Biologia Vegetal
CE3C - Centro de Ecologia, Evolução e Alterações Ambientais
Cristina Cruz (Author)
Dep. Biologia Vegetal
CE3C - Centro de Ecologia, Evolução e Alterações Ambientais

Refereeing
Yes

Summary
Global urbanization leads to the loss of periurban farming land and increases dependency on distant agriculture systems. This provokes greenhouse gas emissions associated with transportation and storage while disconnecting nutrient cycles, as urban organic waste is not recycled into the agricultural system. Urban food production based on composted local biomass could reduce these problems, but currently used hybrid crops rely strongly on inorganic fertilizers. On the contrary, open-pollinated varieties were bred for productivity under organic fertilization, such as compost. Hypothesising that open-pollinated varieties retain high nutritional value under low nutrient conditions, a commercial hybrid and a local open-pollinated variety of maize were cultivated in non-fertilized soil and under two compost applications: Municipal compost as high nutrient input or locally produced green waste compost and municipal compost mix, as medium nutrient input. Unfertilized plots exhibited low grain production (1.9?t/ha), but yields under green waste compost/municipal compost (6.1?t/ha) and municipal compost (7.8?t/ha) treatments were comparable to observations from maize under inorganic fertilization. Contrary to the commercial variety, the open-pollinated variety exhibited higher grain micronutrient concentrations, e.g. 220% higher zinc concentrations and lower accumulation of heavy metals, e.g. 74% lower nickel concentrations. This variety-related effect was found in all treatments and was independent of soil micronutrient concentrations. In conclusion, both compost mixes were effective in increasing grain yield in both maize varieties. However, the open-pollinated variety produced grain with higher nutritional values in soil and all treatments, indicating it is potentially better suited for compost-based sustainable urban agriculture.

Date of Submisson/Request
2018-05-04
Date of Acceptance
2018-12-06
Date of Publication
2019-03

Where published
Journal of Cleaner Production

Publication Identifiers
ISSN - 0959-6526

Publisher
Elsevier BV

Volume
212

Number of pages
7
Starting page
622
Last page
629

Document Identifiers
URL - http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jclepro.2018.12.069
DOI - https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jclepro.2018.12.069

Rankings
Web Of Science Q1 (2018) - 6.395 - ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCES - SCIE

Keywords
Urban agriculture Sustainable production Municipal compost Green waste compost Open-pollinated maize varieties Food nutritional value


Export

APA
Florian Ulm, David Avelar, Peter Hobson, Gil Penha-Lopes, Teresa Dias, Cristina Máguas, Cristina Cruz, (2019). Sustainable urban agriculture using compost and an open-pollinated maize variety. Journal of Cleaner Production, 212, 622-629. ISSN 0959-6526. eISSN . http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jclepro.2018.12.069

IEEE
Florian Ulm, David Avelar, Peter Hobson, Gil Penha-Lopes, Teresa Dias, Cristina Máguas, Cristina Cruz, "Sustainable urban agriculture using compost and an open-pollinated maize variety" in Journal of Cleaner Production, vol. 212, pp. 622-629, 2019. 10.1016/j.jclepro.2018.12.069

BIBTEX
@article{40221, author = {Florian Ulm and David Avelar and Peter Hobson and Gil Penha-Lopes and Teresa Dias and Cristina Máguas and Cristina Cruz}, title = {Sustainable urban agriculture using compost and an open-pollinated maize variety}, journal = {Journal of Cleaner Production}, year = 2019, pages = {622-629}, volume = 212 }