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Publication details

Document type
Journal articles

Document subtype
Full paper

Title
How to Outgrow Your Native Neighbour? Belowground Changes under Native Shrubs at an Early Stage of Invasion

Participants in the publication
Florian Ulm (Author)
CE3C - Centro de Ecologia, Evolução e Alterações Ambientais
João Jacinto (Author)
Cristina Cruz (Author)
Dep. Biologia Vegetal
CE3C - Centro de Ecologia, Evolução e Alterações Ambientais
Cristina Máguas (Author)
Dep. Biologia Vegetal
CE3C - Centro de Ecologia, Evolução e Alterações Ambientais

Summary
While it is acknowledged that invasive species are a global driver of land degradation, their effects are often only noticed when the invasion has been going on for a while. However, early stage processes must play a fundamental role in plant establishment until invasive plants are able to outgrow the native vegetation. In ten plots of 100 m2 each, we tested the hypothesis that belowground properties are associated with early invasion processes aboveground. We examined the early stage of invasion by a woody legume (Acacia longifolia), growing in the canopy of native dune shrubs (Corema album) as a model system in oligotrophic primary dunes in southern Portugal. Biomass under canopies of invaded and non?invaded C. album shrubs as well as organic matter (OM) distribution in various soil fractions was measured. In accordance with our hypothesis, A. longifolia presence was related to increased C. album foliar δ15N, a proxy for nitrogen derived from the invasive legume. Under invaded canopies, root and rhizosphere biomass were higher, as was OM in the silt?clay fraction. Also, δ15N of the OM in the silt?clay fraction under invaded canopies was enriched, while δ13C was depleted. Finally, we found that the ratio between OM in the biotic versus soil compartment could be a good early indicator for invasion. These findings suggest that even when aboveground invasion pressure on the system is low, it is imperative for ecosystem conservation to remove young plants, as they might alter soil functioning already at an early stage of invasion. Copyright © 2017 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

Date of Publication
2017-09-05

Where published
Land Degradation & Development

Publication Identifiers
ISSN - 1085-3278

Publisher
Wiley

Document Identifiers
URL - http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/ldr.2768
DOI - https://doi.org/10.1002/ldr.2768

Rankings
Web Of Science Q1 (2017) - 7.27 - SOIL SCIENCE - SCIE
SCOPUS Q1 (2017) - 1.761 - Soil Science
SCIMAGO Q1 (2017) - 1.761 - Soil Science

Keywords
dunes plant invasion Acacia longifolia Corema album co?facilitation


Export

APA
Florian Ulm, João Jacinto, Cristina Cruz, Cristina Máguas, (2017). How to Outgrow Your Native Neighbour? Belowground Changes under Native Shrubs at an Early Stage of Invasion. Land Degradation & Development, ISSN 1085-3278. eISSN . http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/ldr.2768

IEEE
Florian Ulm, João Jacinto, Cristina Cruz, Cristina Máguas, "How to Outgrow Your Native Neighbour? Belowground Changes under Native Shrubs at an Early Stage of Invasion" in Land Degradation & Development, 2017. 10.1002/ldr.2768

BIBTEX
@article{36155, author = {Florian Ulm and João Jacinto and Cristina Cruz and Cristina Máguas}, title = {How to Outgrow Your Native Neighbour? Belowground Changes under Native Shrubs at an Early Stage of Invasion}, journal = {Land Degradation & Development}, year = 2017, }