BIBLIOS

  Ciências References Management System

Visitor Mode (Login)
Need help?


Back

Publication details

Document type
Journal articles

Document subtype
Full paper

Title
Why so many flowers? A preliminary assessment of mixed pollination strategy enhancing sexual reproduction of the invasive Acacia longifolia in Portugal

Participants in the publication
Manuela Giovanetti (Author)
CE3C - Centro de Ecologia, Evolução e Alterações Ambientais
Margarida Ramos (Author)
Dep. Biologia Vegetal
CE3C - Centro de Ecologia, Evolução e Alterações Ambientais
Cristina Máguas (Author)
Dep. Biologia Vegetal
CE3C - Centro de Ecologia, Evolução e Alterações Ambientais

Summary
Abstract\nAcacia longifolia, a native legume from Australia, has been introduced in many European countries and elsewhere, thus becoming one of the most important global invasive species. In Europe, its flowering occurs in a period unsuitable for insect activity: nonetheless it is considered entomophilous. Floral traits of this species are puzzling: brightly coloured and scented as liked by insects, but with abundant staminate small-sized flowers and relatively small pollen grains, as it is common in anemophilous species. Invasion processes are especially favoured when reshaping local ecological networks, thus the interest in understanding pollination syndromes associated with invasive plant species that may facilitate invasiveness. Moreover, a striking difference exists between its massive flowering and relatively poor seed set. We introduced a novel approach: first, we consider the possibility that a part of the pollination success is carried on by wind and, second, we weighted the ethological perspective of the main pollinator. During the flowering season of A. longifolia (February–April 2016), we carried on exclusion experiments to detect the relative contribution of insects and wind. While the exclusion experiments corroborated the need for pollen vectors, we actually recorded a low abundance of insects. The honeybee, known pollinator of acacias, was relatively rare and not always productive in terms of successful visits. While wind contributed to seed set, focal observations confirmed that honeybees transfer pollen when visiting both the inflorescences to collect pollen and the extrafloral nectaries to collect nectar. The mixed pollination strategy of A. longifolia may then be the basis of its success in invading Portugal's windy coasts.

Date of Submisson/Request
2017-09-28
Date of Acceptance
2018-02-22
Date of Publication
2018-03-28

Where published
Web Ecology

Publication Identifiers
ISSN - 1399-1183

Publisher
Copernicus GmbH

Volume
18
Number
1

Starting page
47
Last page
54

Document Identifiers
URL - http://dx.doi.org/10.5194/we-18-47-2018
DOI - https://doi.org/10.5194/we-18-47-2018

Rankings
SCIMAGO Q3 (2018) - 0.283 - Ecology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics
SCIMAGO Q3 (2018) - 0.283 - Ecology


Export

APA
Manuela Giovanetti, Margarida Ramos, Cristina Máguas, (2018). Why so many flowers? A preliminary assessment of mixed pollination strategy enhancing sexual reproduction of the invasive Acacia longifolia in Portugal. Web Ecology, 18, 47-54. ISSN 1399-1183. eISSN . http://dx.doi.org/10.5194/we-18-47-2018

IEEE
Manuela Giovanetti, Margarida Ramos, Cristina Máguas, "Why so many flowers? A preliminary assessment of mixed pollination strategy enhancing sexual reproduction of the invasive Acacia longifolia in Portugal" in Web Ecology, vol. 18, pp. 47-54, 2018. 10.5194/we-18-47-2018

BIBTEX
@article{37820, author = {Manuela Giovanetti and Margarida Ramos and Cristina Máguas}, title = {Why so many flowers? A preliminary assessment of mixed pollination strategy enhancing sexual reproduction of the invasive Acacia longifolia in Portugal}, journal = {Web Ecology}, year = 2018, pages = {47-54}, volume = 18 }